The Urology Unit in St. James’s Hospital provides a multidisciplinary service that focuses on the diagnosis and management of patients with prostate, kidney, bladder, testicular and penile cancer. The unit has a strong commitment to improving patient quality of care and outcomes through research involving urological cancer diagnosis and treatment.

What is Bladder Cancer?

Bladder cancer occurs when abnormal cells appear in the lining of your bladder. Bladder cancer can grow in different ways. The most common type of bladder cancer is Transitional Cell Cancer, which appears as a small growth in the lining of your bladder. This cancer is usually superficial and does not spread to other areas of the body. Occasionally, transitional cell cancers are invasive and can grow deeply into the wall of the bladder and nearby tissue. These are more likely to spread to other areas of the body.

Symptoms of bladder cancer are similar to symptoms of other conditions such as infection or stones in the bladder or kidney. A common symptom is blood in the urine.

There are a range of tests to check for bladder cancer. You may need to have one or more of the following tests: blood tests, urine tests, ultrasound scan, CT scan or cystoscopy (a test that allows your doctor to look at the interior lining of the bladder and the urethra) and biopsy.