Cancer of the cervix can be treated with either surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy or a combination of these treatments.
- Surgery: Early stage cancer can be treated with surgery only.
- Cone Biopsy, refers to the removal of most of the inner part of the cervix.
- Trachelectomy refers to the complete removal of the cervix.
- Radical Hysterectomy refers to the removal of the cervix, womb and ligaments close to the cervix.
- Chemotherapy may be used to treat larger tumours that are just in the cervix or those that have spread locally (to the surrounding area). It is commonly combined with radiotherapy to make the radiotherapy more effective, a treatment known as chemoradiation. Usually, the chemotherapy is given once a week during the course of radiotherapy.
- Radiotherapy: Some patients with deep infiltration of cancer will require radiotherapy after surgery. Locally advanced cervix cancer is treated with a combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Radiotherapy for cancer of the cervix can be external or internal and is often given as a combination of the two. Radiotherapy treatment may last for 5 to 8 weeks. Your cancer specialist (clinical oncologist), who plans your treatment, will discuss your treatment in detail with you.