Prostate Cancer

The Urology Unit in St. James’s Hospital provides a multidisciplinary service that focuses on the diagnosis and management of patients with prostate, kidney, bladder, testicular and penile cancer. The unit has a strong commitment to improving patient quality of care and outcomes through research involving urological cancer diagnosis and treatment.

What is Prostate Cancer?

The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system. Prostate cancer develops when the cells of the prostate grow in an abnormal way. Most prostate cancers are slow growing, although there are cases of aggressive prostate cancers. The cancer cells may spread from the prostate to other parts of the body, particularly the bones and lymph nodes. Prostate cancer is often suspected after an abnormal blood test, the Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA). The diagnosis of prostate cancer is confirmed by obtaining tissue from the prostate gland. This is often done with a needle biopsy of the prostate through the back passage (called Trans-Rectal Ultrasound-Guided, TRUS, and biopsy).