The Urology Unit in St. James’s Hospital provides a multidisciplinary service that focuses on the diagnosis and management of patients with prostate, kidney, bladder, testicular and penile cancer. The unit has a strong commitment to improving patient quality of care and outcomes through research involving urological cancer diagnosis and treatment.
What is Urological Cancer?
All organs/tissue in your body are made up of cells. In healthy tissue, these cells replace themselves when they get worn out. When these cells grow abnormally, they result in a tumor or cancer. Urological cancers refer to cancers that develop in any organ of the male and female urinary tract (waterworks system) or male reproductive system. As with all other forms of cancer, the earlier a urological cancer is detected, the greater the chance of successfully treating and eliminating the cancer before it becomes aggressive and spreads.
Not all abnormal masses of cells are cancerous, and a biopsy (removing a small sample of tissue so the cells can be examined with a microscope) is used to determine whether a tumor is cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign).
There are several types of urological cancers, including prostate, kidney, bladder and testicular cancer.