There are different treatments that may be available when you are diagnosed with a urological cancer. These treatments may include surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy.
- Surgery will depend on the specific site and stage of the cancer.
- Radiotherapy is used to direct X-ray beams at your cancer in order to damage cancer cells and stop them dividing and growing. Radiotherapy can be given at different times for different reasons, including instead of surgery, before surgery (neoadjuvant) to shrink the tumor, after surgery (adjuvant) to destroy any remaining cancer cells, to treat a single spread of cancer to another organ or to relieve symptoms if the cancer is very advanced or has recurred.
- Chemotherapy refers to treatment with anti-cancer drugs, which are given to destroy or control cancer cells by damaging them so they cannot divide and grow. Chemotherapy can be given before surgery (neoadjuvant), alongside radiotherapy, or after surgery (adjuvant). These drugs travel through your bloodstream to almost every part of your body. Chemotherapy is not usually used to treat prostate cancer or Renal Cell Cancer, the most common cause of kidney cancer. It is more likely to be used for Transitional Cell Cancer, which can develop in your kidney, bladder or collecting tubes of your urinary system. Chemotherapy can also be used in advanced cancer or if cancer reoccurs, in order to relieve your symptoms and give a better quality of life.