Surgery is the main treatment for cancer of the vulva. Many women are cured of vulval cancer with surgery. It may be used alone or in combination with radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

  • Surgery is used in an attempt to completely remove the cancer. This is the most important factor in trying to cure the cancer. At the same time, your surgeon will try, as far as possible, to preserve the appearance and function of the vulva and nearby tissues. Surgery may also include the removal of lymph gland from the groin area on one or both sides.
  • Radiotherapy may sometimes be given to shrink the cancer before surgery (neoadjuvant). It can also be given after surgery (adjuvant) to make sure any remaining cells are destroyed. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy can also be used together (chemoradiation).
  • Chemotherapy may be used on its own if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.